The Moscow region is a huge territory, which can be explored as a whole country - endlessly. There are ancient holy monasteries, modern amusement parks, rich museums and natural attractions.
Top 15 attractions of the Moscow region
The largest, most beautiful and famous Russian monastery. Founded in the XIV century by St. Sergius of Radonezh - it is here that his relics are located. For this monastery, the famous "Trinity" of Rublev was once written, and now there is its miraculous list. This is a huge complex, which was built since the 15th century, but includes buildings in the Baroque and Classicism styles.
Here you should definitely see the snow-white Assumption Church of the 15th century, the Refectory Church with "chessboard" painted walls, and climb the multi-tiered bell tower. Not far from the monastery in the complex "Horse yard" there are rich museum expositions of the local history museum.
Address. G. Sergiev Posad, Krasnogorskaya square, Lavra.
New Jerusalem Monastery and Museum
Not so long ago, the completely unique Resurrection Cathedral of the Novoirusalim Monastery was completely restored. It was built on the model of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem: it is a huge round rotunda with a tent; there is simply no second such structure in Russia. New Jerusalem itself was founded by Patriarch Nikon and was built as the spiritual center of the entire country. In addition to the main cathedral, this complex also includes many different buildings of the 17th-18th centuries.
The museum, which has recently moved from the monastery to a huge new building, is the largest and most modern museum in the Moscow region. In addition to the monastery treasures, there is a collection of Russian and foreign painting, and large exhibition projects are constantly organized.
Museum address. Pos. Istra, New Jerusalem embankment, 1.
Znamenskaya Church in Dubrovitsy
A very beautiful and very unusual church in the Moscow region, which looks more like a Gothic castle or a palace than a church, - the Church of the Sign - was built in 1703 in a style close to the German Baroque. It was so unusual that at first they even refused to consecrate it. It is not crowned with a dome, but with a crown with a cross, and is richly decorated with sculptures and carvings. Latin verses were inscribed in the cartouche of the interior decoration - only in the middle of the 19th century, at the request of Metropolitan Filaret, they were replaced with Slavic inscriptions, and now Latin has returned there again. The carved baroque iconostasis, stucco moldings and statues have been preserved inside.
Address. Pos. Dubrovitsy, 45.
The largest Kremlin near Moscow, which includes a lot of interesting things in its complex. In addition to the ancient walls and towers themselves, covered with legends (in one of them - Marinkina - Marina Mnishek ended her life), there are two monasteries, a cathedral square with ancient temples and as many as five museums. This is a traditional museum of local lore, a museum of Russian photography, a museum of organic contemporary art, a museum of housing and communal services in an old water tower, and a small private museum of tram models.
This is the only Kremlin near Moscow, in which, in addition to churches, historical wooden buildings have been preserved: you can walk along an old street with rich merchant houses of the 19th century.
The museum-reserve, occupying the entire vast territory, on which a fierce battle was fought twice - in 1812 and in 1941. There is a museum with two buildings and several exhibitions dedicated to the war of 1812.
The very same Borodino field is literally lined with monuments. Most of them were delivered in 1912, for the centenary of the war, and they were installed by the forces of the same units and regiments that once fought here.
In addition, there is the Spaso-Borodinsky Monastery, founded by the widow of General Tuchkov, who died in this battle, Margarita. The monastery also has a museum - the restored house of the founder.
The largest and most diverse zoo near Moscow. There is a lot of space here, so the animals have huge enclosures and a comfortable living environment.
The park is aimed at visiting with children: there is a large playground with attractions, mini-horses, pony riding, domestic rabbits, a petting zoo area where you can communicate with animals and feed them. But in addition, there is a large area with large predatory cats: lions, tigers, caracal, lynxes. There is a large aviary with pheasants and peacocks and a monkey house.
Address. Kaluga highway, 47th kilometer, uch. 2.
Museum of Christmas decorations in Klin
The most nostalgic museum in the Moscow region. In Klin, the production of Christmas tree decorations began in the middle of the 19th century - there were large deposits of quartz sand and their own glass-blowing craft. The exposition tells in detail about this production, and contains toys from different periods: both pre-revolutionary and Soviet toys of the 20-30s, and toys that are memorable to many of the 70-80s, and the most unusual modern products. Production is still going on here, master classes are held, and there is its own brand store.
Address. G. Klin, Staroyamskaya st., 4.
Lake Senezh near Solnechnogorsk is the most beautiful lake near Moscow. It is also the oldest reservoir - it was formed in the first third of the 19th century, and at the end of the 19th century, the first hydroelectric power station near Moscow appeared on it. Now it is a popular place for recreation and fishing.
The lake is large - 5.5 km. in length, and there are well-equipped sandy beaches and low wetlands suitable for fishing. There are several fishing bases along the banks, the oldest and largest of which, the Senezh fish farm, has existed since the late 1960s. The lake is home to pike, tench, ruff, perch, pike perch - everything you need for a good fish soup.
The estate, owned by Pyotr Vyazemsky, is a poet and publicist, a good friend of Alexander Pushkin. The famous society "Arzamas" gathered here, Pushkin himself was many times, Denis Davydov, Alexander Griboyedov, Nikolai Gogol visited. Historian Nikolai Karamzin lived and worked in the estate for many years.
The main manor house and a picturesque park with a pond, pavilions, alleys and monuments have been preserved. The manor house houses a museum that tells about the history of the manor, its owners and visitors.
Address. Moscow, Ryazanovskoye settlement, Ostafyevo village, Troitskaya street, 10.
The recently opened military-patriotic park near Kubinka occupies almost 5 hectares. It included the Museum of Armored Vehicles in Kubinka, founded back in 1938. Now it is a huge collection of military equipment from all countries of the world, including the most modern. Aviation equipment can be seen at the Cuban airbase.
In addition, the museum complex "Partisan Village", dedicated to the Great Patriotic War, and the chapel of St. George the Victorious. Military-patriotic events are held here, you can play airsoft, paintball and other games, learn how to shoot from real weapons, have your own equestrian sports complex and much more.
Address. Odintsovo district, 55 km of Minsk highway.
In the Moscow region there are real caves - on the site of the old quarry of white stone, from which temples and monasteries were built. They began to mine stone here in the 17th century, and a whole system of caves that stretch for 19 kilometers has reached our time.
For a long time they were closed, but now they are put in order, the entrances are fortified - and they have turned into a full-fledged tourist attraction. It has its own attractions: for example, Aristarchus - a human figure chained in chains, unusual grottoes, even its own underground chapel.
The only natural reserve in the Moscow region on the banks of the Oka - not very large, but interesting. The most popular part of it is the bison nursery. Not only bison live here, but their closest relatives - bison, as well as sika deer.
Ecological trails have been laid along the reserve, excursions are conducted, observation platforms have been arranged from which you can observe the life of the inhabitants. There is a nature museum and attractions designed for the smallest visitors - for example, the House of the Goblin or the Seasons 3D object. One of the ecological trails is laid through the trees at a height of 8 meters.
Address. Moscow region, Serpukhovsky district, the town of Danki.
Butovo training ground and Kommunarka
The most tragic sight of the Moscow region. The famous training ground where executions were carried out in Soviet times. More than twenty thousand of those shot here are known by name, the rest are unnamed. Many of the executed priests are now canonized as holy new martyrs. There is a memorial complex here: a temple where they pray for the dead, and memorial plates with names.
Nearby there is another shooting range - Kommunarka, where a church in the name of the New Martyrs is now erected, and there is also a memorial.
Address. DNT Butovo, village Bobrovo, Jubilee st., 2; pos. Kommunarka, 24 km of the Kaluga highway.
Museum of Panfilov Heroes
The most famous war memorial in the Moscow region is at the place where 28 heroes from the division of General Panfilov once delayed the advance of German tanks on Moscow. A kilometer from the very place of these hostilities there is a mass grave and a huge memorial, built here in 1975 - ten-meter figures of armed soldiers. There is also a small museum dedicated to I. Panfilov himself and the participants in this battle.
Address. Volokolamsky district, village Nelidovo, st. Peasant, 18.
The estate belonged to the writer Sergei Aksakov, and then to the famous philanthropist Savva Mamontov. Writers and artists gathered here, and everyone contributed something of their own to the decoration of this place. The church, built according to the project of V. Vasnetsov, a sculpture workshop, a ceramic bench created by M. Vrubel, a carved wooden hut on chicken legs and the manor house itself with a museum exposition have survived.
Address. Khotkovo, with Abramtsevo, st. Museum, 1.