Description of the attraction
The Museum of Terracotta Statues of Horses and Warriors is the eighth wonder of the world. In China, near Mount Lishan, not far from the ancient capital, the city of Xi'an, there is a burial place. It contains the emperor of the great Qin dynasty, and at least 8100 terracotta statues of warriors with horses in full height.
Qin Shihuang lived in the third century BC. and was an outstanding person in the history of China. During his lifetime, he was able to unite all of China and completed the construction of the Great Wall of China. He was a man endowed with great power and great ambitions, which he decided to realize in an extraordinary way. With him to the grave, he took huge reserves of precious treasures and a whole man-made army. In addition, together with Qin, up to 70 thousand workers and their families, 48 concubines were buried (buried alive).
The statues were discovered not so long ago, in 1974, by peasants while drilling a well near Lishan Mountain. The excavation took place in three stages, the last of which began on June 13, 2009. The army of man-made warriors is buried in crypts one and a half kilometers from the burial place of Qin himself.
Mount Lishan is the burial place of the Qin emperor. The material for some of the statues was taken from this mountain. The construction of the mausoleum began in 247 BC. and lasted for 38 years. All the statues of the warriors are made by craftsmen in different parts of China. The horses were made near the burial itself, due to their very heavy weight, it would be too expensive and difficult to transport them.
Each warrior figure is a real work of art. All of them are handmade, using different techniques, different craftsmen and from different materials. Each of the warriors is unique, has its own facial features, certain weapons (spears, swords, crossbows, bows), a horse. Considering the number of warriors, the scale is shocking, and in fact statues of musicians, actors, officials, chariots were also found.
UNESCO has included the Terracotta Army on the World Heritage List.